MAKING BRIQUETTES FROM WASTE OF COCONUT SHELL AND PEANUT SHELL

Yusraida Khairani Dalimunthe, Sugiatmo Kasmungin, Eddy Sugiarto, Lisa Sugiarti, Alyssa Lagrama

Abstract


Aims: This study aimed to increase the utilization of biomass-derived from the waste of coconut and peanut shells by making them as briquettes, as an alternative to fuel. The scarcity of petroleum because of its increasingly limited existence encourages all parties to take part in the development and discovery of new alternative energies. This is expected to overcome one of the most important of the many problems facing this country. The method used in this research is to start with a literature study of materials from various sources about the benefits and manufacturing of briquettes from biomass waste as an alternative energy source to be further tested for quality.  This involves a heat test, water content test, ash content test and determination of the flying matter. Results: The test results showed that natural gas emissions were below threshold, namely 0-30 ppm CO, 0-3.6 ppm H2S, and undetectable NOx. After evaluation, the results showed that with the addition of 30% of the biomass, the ignition time was reduced and the remaining unburned briquettes or bottom ash was reduced by 68.68%. Conclusion, significance, and impact of study: The results help the community and the parties involved related to appropriate bio briquettes technology. It also eventually becomes one of the solutions to assist the government in solving problems related to alternative fuels to petroleum.


Keywords


Alternative energy; Biomass; Briquettes; Coconut shell; Peanut shell

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 0| PDF views : 0

References


Brozek, M. 2013. Study of Briquette Properties at Their Long-Time Storage. Journal of Forest Science. 59: 101-106.

Brunerová, A., M. Brožek, V. Šleger, A. Nováková. 2018. Energy Balance of Briquette Production from Various Waste Biomass. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica. 49 (3): 236-243.

Brunerova, A., J. Pecen, M. Brozek, T. Ivanova. 2016. Mechanical Durability of Briquettes from Digestate in Different Storage Conditions. Agronomy Research. 14: 327-336.

Dyah, M., M.E. Lenny. 2019. Value Increasing of Reject Coal with Biomass Adding As Bio-Coal Briquette. Indonesia Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology. 3(2): 123-135.

Eissa, A.H.A., G.R. Gamea, El SEA, El SSF. 2013. Quality Char- Acteristics For Agricultural Residues to Produce Briquette. In Proc. 5th Internat. Conf. Trends in Agricultural Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic. p156-162.

Esmar, B. 2017. Pemanfaatan Briket Arang Tempurung Kelapa Sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif. Jurnal Sarwahita. 14(01): 81 – 84.

Imoisili, P.E., K.O. Ukoba, B.E.A. Daniel, M.C. Ibegbulam. 2014. Production and Characterization of Hybrid Briquette from Biomass. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology. 4(10): 1534-1539.

Jittabut, P. 2015. Physical and Thermal Properties of Briquette Fuels from Rice Straw and Sugarcane Leaves by Mixing Molasses. International Conference on Alternative Energy in Developing Countries and Emerging Economies. Energy Procedia. 79: 2-9.

Kaliyan, N., R.V. Morey. 2009. Factors Affecting Strength and Durability of Densified Biomass Products. Biomass and Bio-energy. 33: 337-359.

Kindriari, N.W., D. Retno, P.R. Rezy, K. Tieka. 2012. Briket Arang Kulit Kacang Tanah dengan Proses Karbonisasi. Berkala Ilmiah Teknik Kimia. 1(1): 41-44.

Marganingrum D and Estiaty, L.M. 2020. Value Increasing Of Reject Coal with Biomass Adding as Bio-Coal Briquette. Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology 3(2):123-135. DOI: 10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v3i2.5110.

Mitchual, S.J., K. Frimpong-Mensah, N.A. Darkwa. 2013. Effect of Species, Particle Size and Compacting Pressure on Relaxed Density and Compressive Strength of Fuel Briquettes. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. 4: 1-6.

Oladeji, J.T. 2010. Fuel Characterization of Briquettes Produced from Corncob and Rice Husk Resides. The Pacific Journal of Science and Technology. 11(1): 101-106.

Oladeji, J.T. 2015. Theoretical Aspects of Biomass Briquetting: A Review Study. Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy. 5(3): 72-81.

Saptoadi, H. 2008. The Best Biobriquette Dimension and Its Particle Size. Asian Journal on Energy and Environment. 9: 161-175.

Sharma, M.K., G. Priyank, N. Sharma. 2015. Biomass Briquette Production: A Propagation of Non-Convention Technology and Future of Pollution Free Thermal Energy Sources. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER). 4(02): 44-50.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v4i2.7417

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"        width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"                                

Copyright of Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

     Creative Commons License