PENGARUH KETERBUKAAN EKONOMI, PENDIDIKAN, DAN PENGANGGURAN TERHADAP KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI INDONESIA

Muhammad Ibnu Fatsabit, Husna Leila Yusran

Abstract


This study aim is to see the influence of economic openness, education level, and unemployment rate toward against income inequality at the provincial level in Indonesia. This study uses panel data regression analysis by using Eviews 8 analysis tools. The data used in this study is secondary data consisting of gini ratio, export/GDRB ratio, import/GDRB ratio, foreign direct investment/PDRB ratio, unemployment rate and average length of school, at 33 provinces in Indonesia in the period of 2007 to 2016. The results obtained show that only the export ratio and unemployment rate have an effect on the level of inequality in Indonesia. The export ratio has a positive and significant effect, while the unemployment rate variable has a significant negative effect.

Keywords


Economic Openness; Education; Unemployment; Inequality of income; Panel Data

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 110| PDF views : 0

References


Ahluwalia, M. S. (1976). Income distribution and development: some stylized facts. American Economic Association Income, American Economic Review, 66(2), 128–135. https://doi.org/10.7202/800721ar

Bremmer, I. (2011). Akhir Pasar Bebas. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Deliarnov. (2011). Perkembangan Pemikiran Ekonomi (Edisi ke 3). Jakarta: Jakarta.

Hasna, H. T. (2017). Pengaruh Keterbukaan Ekonomi Terhadap Ketimpangan Pendapatan Di Tingkat Provinsi Di Indonesia. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Krugman, P. R. ‎Maurice O., & Melitz, M. J. (2012). International Economics Theory & Policy (Ninth Edit). Boston: Pearson Education.

Kuncoro, M. (2013). Mengurangi ketimpangan. Jakarta: Kompas.

Petcu, D. (2014). Consuming Resources and Services from Multiple Clouds: From Terminology to Cloudware Support. Journal of Grid Computing, 12(2), 321–345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10723-013-9290-3

Ramly, F. (2012). Determinan Ketimpangan Regional Di Indonesia Tahun 2000-2008. Universitas Pattimura.

Salim, Sutrisno, B., & M.Hum. (2008). Hukum Investasi di Indonesia. Jakarta: Grafindo Persada.

Sukirno, S. (2013). Makroekonomi : Teori Pengantar. Jakarta: Grafindo Persada.

Syafrizal. (1997). Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Ketimpangan Regional Wilayah Indonesia Bagian Barat, Majalah Prisma . No.3 Maret 1997, hal 27-38, LP3ES. (No. 3).

Zulyanto. (2014). Pencapaian MDGs di Indonesia. Bandung: Undpadpres.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2017. ”Tingkat Pengngaguran Terbuka tahun 2007-2016”. Jakarta: BPS.

_______. 2017. “PDRB Harga Konstan Tahun 2000 tahun 2007-2016”. Jakarta: BPS.

_______. 2017. “Rata-Rata Lama Sekolah tahun 2007-2016”.Jakarta : BPS.

_______. 2017.” Tingkat Pengngguran Terbuka tahun 2007-2016”. Jakarta: BPS.

Bappenas. 2015. “Seri Analisis Pembangunan Wilayah Papua Barat”. Papua Barat: Bappenas.

ILO. 2015. “Tren ketenagakerjaan dan sosial di Indonesia 2014 - 2015: Memperkuat daya saing dan produktivitas melalui pekerjaan layak”. Kantor Perburuhan Internasional . Jakarta: ILO.

Kementerian Perdagangan. 2017. “Realisasi Ekspor Migas Dan Non Migas Indonesia tahun 2007-2016”. Jakarta: Kementerian Perdagangan.

_______. 2017. Realisasi Impor Migas Dan Non Migas Indonesia tahun 2007-2016”. Jakarta: Kementerian Perdagangan.

Kementerian Perindustrian. 2017. “Perkembangan Ekspor Indonesia Berdasarkan Sektor”. Jakarta: Kemenperin.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/me.v27i1.5304

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Media Ekonomi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats