Analysis of the Quality of Mixed Coconut Shell Waste Briquettes with Various Biomass Additives as Alternative Fuels

Yusraida Khairani Dalimunthe, Sugiatmo Kasmungin, Listiana Satiawati, Thariq Madani, Teuku Ananda Rizky

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to see the best quality of briquettes from the main ingredient of coconut shell waste
with various biomass additives to see the calorific value, moisture content, ash content, and volatile matter
content of the biomass mixture. Furthermore, further research will be carried out specifically to see the quality of
briquettes from a mixture of coconut shell waste and sawdust. The method used in this research is to conduct a
literature study of various literature related to briquettes from coconut shell waste mixed with various additives
specifically and then look at the best quality briquettes produced from these various pieces of literature. As for
what is determined as the control variable of this study is coconut shell waste and as an independent variable,
namely coffee skin waste, rice husks, water hyacinth, Bintaro fruit, segon wood sawdust, coconut husk, durian
skin, bamboo charcoal, areca nut skin, and leather waste. sago with a certain composition. Furthermore, this
paper also describes the stages of making briquettes from coconut shell waste and sawdust for further testing of
the calorific value, moisture content, ash content, volatile matter content on a laboratory scale for further
research. From various literatures, it was found that the highest calorific value was obtained from a mixture of
coconut shell waste and bamboo charcoal with a value of 7110.7288 cal / gr and the lowest calorific value was
obtained from a mixture of coconut shell waste and sago shell waste with a value of 114 cal / gr, then for the value
The highest water content was obtained from a mixture of coconut shell waste and rice husk with a value of
37.70% and the lowest water content value was obtained from a mixture of coconut shell waste 3.80%, then for the
highest ash content value was obtained from a mixture of coconut shell waste and coffee skin with a value of
20.862% and for the lowest ash content value obtained from a mixture of coconut shell and Bintaro fruit waste,
namely 2%, and for the highest volatile matter content value obtained from a mixture of coconut shell and coconut
husk waste with a value of 33.45% and for the value of volatile matter levels The lowest was obtained from a
mixture of coconut shell waste and sago skin waste with a value of 33 , 45%.

Keywords


briquettes, biomass, coconut shell, alternative energy, waste

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/jeeset.v4i2.9118

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