Roihan Abdullah, Subiyanto Subiyanto


Nowadays, interconnecting grid with renewable energy source (RES) is developed to increase power and reability of the system. However, the integration between RESs with grid must be synchronized so that the system can work. In this paper, natural reference frame was used to synchronize hybrid systems of RESs with grids. The DC voltage generated by Photovoltaic  (PV) and Wind Turbine will be converted into 3 phase voltages by the inverter. The Pulse Witdh Modulation (PWM) on the inverter that has been regulated by current control and Phase Locked Loop (PLL) makes RESs  interconnect with grid. Simulation is designed using Power Simulator software (PSIM) and tested with  various conditions. The simulation results show that the renewable energy source system connected to grid has synchronized and work well.

Penerapan pembangkit listrik energi terbarukan dengan sistem terhubung grid saat ini lebih dikembangkan untuk meningkatkan daya dan keandalan sistem. Namun, dalam pengintegrasian antara pembangkit listrik dengan grid perlu disinkronkan agar sistem dapat bekerja. Pada makalah ini  digunakan metode kerangka referensi natural untuk sinkroniasi sistem hibrida pembangkit listrik energi terbarukan dengan grid. Tegangan DC yang dihasilkan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya (PLTS) dan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Bayu (PLTB) akan dikonversi menjadi tegangan 3 fasa oleh inverter. Pulse Witdh Modulation (PWM) pada inverter yang telah diatur oleh kontrol arus dan Phase Locked Loop (PLL) menjadikan pembangkit listrik dapat terintegrasi dengan grid. Perancangan simulasi dilakukan menggunakan software Power Simulator (PSIM) dan diuji dengan kondisi yang bervariasi. Hasil dari simulasi menunjukkan bahwa keseluruhan sistem pembangkit listrik energi terbarukan terhubung grid telah tersinkronisasi dan bekerja dengan baik.


sistem hibrid, energi terbarukan, PLTS, PLTB, kerangka referensi natural.

Full Text:



Tiku, Deepak. “Modular Multilevel MMI (HB) Topology for Single Stage Grid Connected PV Plant,” dalam The 11 the IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, 2015, hlm. 1-8.

Ahmed, J. and Salam, Z. “A Modified P&O Maximum Power Point Tracking Method with Reduced Steady State Oscillation and Improved Tracking Efficiency.” IEEE Transaction on Sustainable Energy, hlm. 1-10, 2016.

Bajpai, P. and Dash, V. “Hybrid Renewable Enegy Systems for Power Generation in Stand-alone Aplication: A Review.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 16, hlm. 2926-2939, 2012.

Ribeiro, E.F.F, Cardoso. Dkk. “Uninterruptible Energy Production Power Systems for Telecommunication,” dalam International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality Valencia (Spain) 15th – 17th, 2009.

Erdinc, O. and Uzunoglu, M. “Optimum Design of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems: Overview of Different Approaches.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 16, hlm. 1412-1425, 2012.

Tittel, D. “Investigation of a Variable Speed Wind Turbine and DC-Link Control for a Hybrid Power System”. Diplom Ingenieur Degree of Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, 2007.

Abu-Hijleh, B. “Use of Hybrid PV and Wind Turbine – Grid Connected System in Local Emirate Home in Dubai-UEA” dalam Energy Procedia.3rd International Conference on Powered And Energy Systems Engineering, Japan, hlm. 463-468, 2016.

Leake, E.W. “Genset-Solar-Wind Hybrid Power System Of Off-Grid Power Station For Rural Applications”. Master of Science Delf University of Technology, Belanda, 2010.

Kouro, S., Leon, J. I. Dkk. “Grid Connected Photovoltaic System – An Overview of Recent Research and Emerging PV Converter Technology”. IEEE Industrial Electronic Megazine, Vol. 47, hlm. 47-61, 2015.

Frede Blaabjberg, Remus Teodorescu. Dkk. “Overview of Control and Grid Synchronization for Distributed Power Generation System”. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, October. 53 (5), hlm. 1398-1409, 2006.

Wicaksena, A.G. “Analisa Pengaruh Perubahan Temperatur dan Irradiasi pada Tegangan, Arus dan Daya Keluaran PLTS Terhubung Grid 380 V ”. Program Sarjana UNDIP. Semarang. 2016.

Motahhir, Saad, Ghzizal, A. E., Sebti, S. Dkk. “Proposal and Implementation of a Novel Perturb and Observe Algorithm using Embedded Software”. Dalam The 3rd International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC). 2015

Esram, T, Chapman P. L. “ Comparison of Photovoltaic Array Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques” Energy Convertion. IEEE Transactions on, hal 439-449.

Ramadoni Syahputra, Imam Robandi. Dkk. “ Control of DoublyFed Induction Generator in Distributed Generation Units Using Adaptive NeuroFuzzy Approach” dalam The 3rd International Seminar APTECS (Applied Technology , Science & Arts). Surabaya, 2011.

S. Samanvorakij, P. Kumkratug “Modeling and Simulation PMSG based on Wind Energy Conversion System in MATLAB/SIMULINK” dalam Proc. of the Second Intl. Conf. on Advances in Electronics and Electrical Engineering — AEEE , 2013.

Harumwidiah A, Kurniawan A. Simulasi sistem pembangkit listrik tenaga angin menggunakan Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) dengan Back-to-back Converter. Jnte. Vol. 5:2. (2016).

Feby A Pamuji and Soedibyo, "Desain Kontrol Multi – Input DC–DC Converter Sistem Hibrid Turbin Angin dan Sel Surya Menggunakan Kontrol Fuzzy Logic untuk Tegangan Rendah," Jurnal Nasional Teknik Elektro, vol. 4, no. 2, hlm. 220-226, September 2015.

D. S. Oliveira, M. M. Reis, et al., “A Three-Phase High Frequency Semi-Controlled Rectifier For PM WECS,” IEEE Trans. Power Electronics, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 677-685, 2009.

Hauke, Brigitte, “ Basic Calculation of a Boost Converter’s Power Stage”. Texas Instrument, Texas, 2014.


  • There are currently no refbacks.